Biogenic Raw Materials

Vision

While one of the protagonists of Goethe’s Faust says: “For all that doth begin / should rightly to destruction run”, the visionary approach in the line of research on biogenic raw materials lies in not letting anything, that has “begun” in the agriculture and food economy, “run to destruction”. The focus is on the concept of cycle, which shows itself (among other manifestations) in the research and development of technological procedures to use by-products from production and processing methods. It has in the current definitions of “sustainability” at least one ecological and one economic component. Ecologically the avoidance of waste, the acquisition of biomass potentials and the completion of material and energetic cycles are at the focus. In economic terms, the development of technological means of an additional value gains a concrete business meaning, on the one hand, and also a economic significance, on the other hand. Extensive works in this line of research are oriented towards the development of innovative methods to obtain valuable materials from (1) the direct by-products (“residues”) from the vegetal and animal production and (2) the material processing or energetic exploitation of the main products from these production methods. Some examples are the current research works on the employment of fibers (both from plant and animal origin), on biogas production (with a focus on the incoming and outgoing substrates) as well as on the optimization of the processes of the material and energetic use of biogenic raw materials.

Versuchsanlage

Publications (selection)

  • SCHIMPF, U. (2013): Mehr Gas mit Pilzen. In: Biogas spezial, 42-44. Beilage in: dlz agrarmagazin, Joule, Neue Landwirtschaft zur Jahrestagung Fachverband Biogas, 29.-31.01.2013 ISSN 1866-4547
  • HANREICH, A., SCHIMPF, U., ZAKRZEWSKI, M., SCHLÜTER, A., BENNDORF, D., HEYER, R., RAPP E., PÜHLER, A., REICHL U., KLOCKE, M.: Metagenome and metaproteome analyses of microbial communities in mesophilic biogas-producing anaerobic batch fermentations indicate concerted plant carbohydrate degradation. Systematic and Applied Microbiology (submitted)
  • RITZI, E., HABERMANN, B.(2012): Spezialtenside für die Gewässer- und Bodensanierung auf Basis biogener Reststoffe - TiNasid(reg.). [LIFIS ONLINE 09.08.12].
  • SENSEL-GUNKE,K., NIELSEN, K., WRAGGE, V. ,ELLMER, F., BERMEJO, G. (2012): Mehr als nur ein Dünger. In: Landwirtschaftliches Wochenblatt Westfalen-Lippe, 48/2012, 22-24
  • SCHIMPF U., NIELSEN K., HO THU P., DOMINIKOVIC I., BLACHOWSKI N., SLOMSKI P., SCHULZ R. (2011): Residuals from edible mushroom production - new enzyme sources for an enhanced biogas process efficiency. In: Proceedings of the 19th European Biomass Conference and Exhibition - From research to Industry and Markets, Berlin, 6.-10.6.2011, 934-943, ISBN 978-88-89407-55-7
  • SENSEL, K., NIELSEN, K., WRAGGE, V., RÜHLMANN, J. (2011): Carbon dynamics of anaerobic residues from biogas plants using energy crops. Proceedings of the 19th European Bio-mass Conference and Exhibition - From research to Industry and Markets, Berlin, 6.-10.6.2011, 855-858, ISBN 978-88-89407-55-7
  • SCHIMPF U., HANREICH A., UNMACK T., MÄHNERT P., JUNNE S., LOPEZ-ULIBARRI R. (2011): Enzymeinsatz zur Methanertragssteigerung: Untersuchungen aus Labor und Praxis. 6. Fachtagung „Biogas 2011 – Energieträger der Zukunft“, Braunschweig, 8.-9.6.2011, In: VDI-Berichte 2121, 255-256. ISBN 978-3-18-092121-1
  • JUNNE S., NEUBAUER P., LOPEZ-ULIBARRI R., BERGER T. R. G., SCHIMPF U., PELENC V., MÄHNERT P., RENPENNING J. (2010): Determination of the rheologic behavior of fermentation broth in biogas plants. 14th International Biotechnology Symposium and Exhibition, Rimini (Italy), 14.-18.09.2010
  • RITZI, E., HÄBLER, J. (2010): Förderung des Abbaus von Mineralölkohlenwasserstoffen im Boden durch die Nutzung landwirtschaftlicher Abprodukte. Altlasten Spektrum 6/2010, S 288-293
  • MORISSEAU-LEROY, G.A., VALBUENA, R., SCHOLZ, G., BURKHARDT, M., WESTPHAL, G. (2010): Vernetzung von Proteinen und Polysacchariden aus nachwachsenden Rohstoffen, LIFIS ONLINE, URL: www.leibniz-institut.de/archiv/morisseau_22_04_10.pdf
  • MORISSEAU-LEROY, G. A., WESTPHAL, G., VALBUENA, R., RODARTE, A. (2009): Vernetzung von Proteinen und Xylanen aus biogenen Nebenprodukten. naro.tech 7. Internationales Symposium „Werkstoffe aus Nachwachsenden Rohstoffen“, 9.-10. September 2009 Erfurt
  • HABERMANN, B.; HÄBLER, J.; ZOSEL, J.; OELßNER, W. (2009): Development of a sensor for the measurement of dissolved hydrogen in biogas plants. VI International Conference for Renewable Energy, Energy Saving and Energy Education (CIER), Havana (Cuba) June 9-12, 2009, Proceedings
  • ZOSEL, J.; OELßNER, W.; ZIMMERMANN, P.; PETERSSON, E.; SENSEL, K.; GUTH, U.(2008): Zur Messung des in Biogasmedien gelösten Wasserstoffs. 14. Heiligenstädter Kolloquium.- Heiligenstadt, 22. - 24. September 2008
  • ZOSEL, J.; OELßNER, W.; ZIMMERMANN, P.; PETERSSON, E.; SENSEL, K.; GUTH, U.(2008): New concepts and sensors for online control of biogas plants. 12th meeting on chemical sensors.- Columbus, Ohio, USA, 13. - 16. Juli 2008
  • BRULÉ, M., A. LEMMER, H. OECHSNER, T. JUNGBLUTH, U. SCHIMPF (2008): Einfluss der Zugabe von faserspaltenden Enzymen auf die Methanausbeute von Roggensilage. Landtechnik 63: 178-179 3/2008 ISSN 0023-8082
kleine Reaktoren

Resources (selection)

  • Biogas research plant with batch-superstructures to determine the biogas potential and reactors for continuous process tests
  • Measure technical center to determine the soil respiration (Type Carbo2Bot, 160 single places)
  • Wet-chemical laboratories, with a workplace with high-performance thin-layer chromatography (HPTLC) and a workplace to determine enzyme activity, among others